“Spider!” — Probably not the word you want to be screaming because that means you’ve found one. In Indiana state, one of the two spiders that can inflict serious injury to humans is the brown recluse spider.

But how can I differentiate the brown recluse from the over 400 spiders that inhabit Indiana State?

Brown Recluse Identification

The brown recluse spider is scientifically known as Loxosceles reclusa. You can begin to distinguish this spider by its:

  • Physical characteristics
  • Bite/venom
  • Web

The Physical Characteristics of the Brown Recluse

The brown recluse is usually between 0.24 and 0.79 inches, although it may grow bigger. The name identifies its color that’s typically light to medium brown. This spider usually has markings that, combined with a black line coming from their cephalothorax’s dorsal side, make a violin’s appearance.

Some other distinctive features include:

  • Having six eyes (rather than eight)
  • Short hairs in the abdomen that appear like soft fur
  • Oval shaped abdomen

Brown Recluse Bite/Venom

The brown recluse is a spider with necrotic venom. Necrotic venom, according to Compound Chem, “necrotic, or cytotoxic venoms, are those which cause cell and tissue damage after envenomation.” When a brown recluse bites and injects its venom, this can lead to:

Inflammation

Lesions

Blisters

It’s rare to die from a brown recluse spider bite, but it’s still vital to seek medical treatment. The dangers exist in cases where the venom triggers a devastating and massive breakdown of red blood cells.

Brown Recluse Web

Brown recluse spider webs are frequently found in woodpiles, sheds, closets, garages, cellars, and any other place that’s dry and mostly undisturbed. Their webs are irregular (asymmetrical), and in most cases, include a shelter consisting of disorderly threads. 

Be careful when disturbing isolated spaces in your home since these spiders attack when they feel threatened. The brown recluse is also known to leave its webs at night to hunt.

Getting Rid of Brown Recluse Spiders

As its name suggests, brown recluse spiders seek hiding spaces around the home. If you want to get rid of these spiders, the easiest way is to eliminate their favorite living conditions. Other methods include:

  • Sticky traps. Set multiple traps inside your house in those areas seldomly touched.
  • Food-grade diatomaceous earth. A safer insecticide option, this material will come in contact with the spider and remove its exoskeleton’s outer coating.
  • Humidity. Brown recluse spiders seek places cool and humid areas, so reduce humidity using a dehumidifier.
  • Gaps. Another helpful hint is to inspect your home for gaps or openings that will allow them to enter your home.
  • Outside environment. If your home’s surroundings include areas that attract these spiders, you should get rid of them. Eliminating them will decrease your chances of a brown recluse spider making its way into your home.

Are Home Remedies Not Working?

It’s always nicer to find a home solution to your brown recluse problem. But if these options don’t seem to get rid of them, then you might need extra help, especially if you find yourself with an infestation.

If brown recluse spiders have established themselves in your home, the environmentally friendly pest control experts at YES Pest Pros are ready to help. Contact us today!